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Daffodils Flower Meaning: Symbolism behind March Birth Flower

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The daffodil, also known as the narcissus, carries rich meaning and symbolism and is regarded as the birth flower of March.

Daffodils are among the first flowers of spring and often thrive in natural settings. They possess a delicate and exquisite beauty, commonly gracing meadows with their presence. We even have a trail named after them – Narcissus Road. If you visit during springtime, you’ll be enchanted by the breathtaking sight of daffodils blanketing the ground in yellow or white blossom carpets.

In this tutorial, however, I want to explore the captivating world of meanings and symbols associated with daffodils. Have you also thought of the Greek myth of Narcissus? Don’t worry, we will get there, but we have to start from the beginning. 

What are daffodils, and are they all members of the narcissus plant family?

Daffodils, scientifically known as Narcissus, are among the earliest signs of spring’s arrival, bringing hope and warmth after the cold winter months. Originally native to northern Europe, these perennial plants have trumpet-shaped flowers with six petals and appear in shades of yellow and white.

The exact origin of the name Narcissus is uncertain but often associated with a Greek term (ancient Greek ναρκῶ narkō, meaning “to make numb”) and the tale of the youth who bore that name, captivated by his reflection. The English term “daffodil” seems to have its roots in “asphodel,” a comparison frequently made between the two.

Daffodils also have other names, such as narcissus, jonquils, paper whites, and tarzettas, which can sometimes confuse. 

You might be surprised that there are over 13,000 varieties of narcissi and over 50 different species. While every daffodil and jonquil falls under the category of Narcissus genus, the reverse isn’t true. 

New Beginnings

The history of daffodils goes back to 300BC thanks to The Greek botanist

The Greek botanist and philosopher Theophrastus was among the first to describe daffodils in his notes and writings.

The daffodil made its way to various parts of the world, including England, thanks to the Roman army. Roman apothecaries believed that daffodils had medicinal properties, carrying daffodil bulbs in their supplies to plant wherever the army was stationed. However, the sap could actually cause skin irritation.

In the 17th century, daffodils experienced a surge in popularity in England and even became one of Shakespeare’s favorite flowers. Street vendors in London would sell bunches of these wild blooms, and as the 19th century approached, daffodil farming for cut flowers became a thriving industry.

Narcissus bends over the brook
Narcissus bends over the brook, issued 1899

Daffodils Meaning in Greek Mythology

It’s believed that the daffodils are named after Narcissus, the son of a river god in Greek mythology. Narcissus was exceptionally handsome and was fully aware of his attractiveness. A nymph saw him from her hiding place behind a tree and fell madly in love with him. Narcissus, however, was interested only in himself. He callously rejected the love of a water nymph, which led to her heartbreak. In retaliation, the goddess Nemesis placed a curse on Narcissus, causing him to become captivated by his reflection in the water. He gazed at his reflection for so long that he fell into the lake and drowned in the water.

The shape of daffodil flowers, which appears as if they are bowing their heads to look downward, and their affinity for growing near water, have long been associated with the cautionary tale of Narcissus.

Additionally, daffodils are connected to the myth of Persephone, who was abducted by Hades, the god of the underworld, while she was gathering daffodils in the Elysian fields. This association has led daffodils to be linked with themes of death, often found in funeral wreaths or planted in cemeteries.

The Symbolism Behind Daffodils

Detailed Daffodils Flower Meaning and Symbolism

They symbolize new beginnings, rejuvenation, inspiration, and blossom in March or April.

As the ultimate spring flower, daffodils symbolize revival and rebirth

Daffodils are one of the first flowers to bloom in spring, symbolizing the renewal and rebirth of nature after a long winter. Their vibrant blooms represent the arrival of new beginnings and fresh starts. Get inspired with these captivating daffodil quotes.


Hope and Optimism

Like sunflowers or yellow butterflies, their bright yellow color is often associated with hope and optimism. Daffodils can bring a sense of positivity and joy to those who see them.

Detailed Daffodil Flower Meaning and Symbolism


Daffodils are known for their ability to endure harsh weather conditions. The sight of daffodils pushing through the cold earth and blossoming in the early spring serves as a powerful reminder that life can flourish even in the harshest conditions. Their vibrant presence heralds the awakening of the natural world and the promise of brighter days ahead, like bluebells. Their ability to thrive even in challenging environments symbolizes resilience and inner strength.

Unrequited Love

In some cultures, daffodils represent unrequited love, possibly due to the myth of Narcissus, who fell in love with his own reflection and could not attain the love he sought.


Daffodils have inspired poets and artists throughout history, including the famous poem of William Wordsworth, “I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud,” which celebrates the beauty and inspiration of daffodils in nature.

New Beginnings

Like violets, they are a beautiful reminder of new beginnings and joy, as they consistently bloom in early spring. Daffodils are symbols of new beginnings and represent the start of a new phase in life, making them a popular choice for gifts and decorations during events like graduations and weddings.


Daffodils are often associated with Easter due to their springtime blooming. They’re often featured on Easter cards, symbolizing renewal. Planting daffodils together can be a sweet Easter date idea.

Easter card with daffodils
Easter card with daffodils

International Symbol of Cancer Hope

In some countries (United States, Canada and UK), the daffodil is the symbol for cancer hope and awareness, particularly for those affected by cancer.

The Symbolism Behind Daffodils for Chinese New Year?

Daffodils usually bloom around Chinese New Year and symbolize good luck and prosperity. Their bright yellow and white colors represent wealth, and they are believed to cleanse and refresh one’s surroundings, ward off negativity and evil spirits, and bring longevity, immortality and good fortune. During Chinese New Year, you can often find daffodils in pots or cut flowers in homes, making them a cherished symbol of hope and positivity for the coming year in Chinese culture.

Daffodil Meaning in Greek Mythology

Daffodils Flower Meaning and Wales

In Wales, they are not only a symbol of spring’s arrival but daffodils are the national flower. People in Wales associate daffodils with St. David’s Day, the national day of Wales celebrated on March 1st. They wear or display daffodils in honor of the country’s patron saint. Daffodils have become a symbol of Welsh identity, representing the spirit of the Welsh people and their pride in their heritage, with their vibrant yellow color echoing the national flag. 

Legend says that those who see the first daffodil of the season in Wales will be blessed with wealth and good luck for the whole year.

As the ultimate spring flower, daffodils symbolize revival and rebirth

The meaning of narcissus flower

March Birth Flower

Daffodils are the birth flower for March. Associated with the arrival of spring, daffodils bright yellow or white blossoms symbolize renewal, rebirth, and hope. They are indeed the best birth flower for March, as their bright yellow petals emerge from the cold winter ground, bringing a sense of optimism and new beginnings as the season changes. 

Daffodil Color Meanings

Daffodils of different colors convey positive and uplifting messages.

Yellow Daffodils Meaning

Yellow daffodils are the most common and popular variety. Like other yellow flowers, they symbolize happiness, joy, and positivity. Their bright and sunny color represents hope and optimism, making them a perfect gift to uplift someone’s spirits or to celebrate new beginnings.

White Daffodils Flower Meaning

Like white azalea, white daffodils symbolize purity, innocence, and new beginnings. They are often associated with themes of renewal and fresh starts. White daffodils can be a meaningful choice for weddings, representing the purity of love. According to the language of flowers, white daffodils also mean a lack of total vanity and possible selfishness.

Orange Daffodil Symbolism

Orange daffodils are less common but still hold significance. They symbolize warmth, enthusiasm, and passion. Orange daffodils convey a sense of excitement and energy, making them a thoughtful gift to express admiration or appreciation.

Pink Daffodil Meaning

Pink daffodils are relatively rare and associated with love, affection, and friendship themes. They convey feelings of admiration and gratitude but also healing from grief, anxiety, or emotional trauma. You can give pink daffodils to show appreciation for someone special.

When to Give Daffodils

Their bright and cheerful appearance makes them particularly suitable for springtime celebrations, such as birthdays and anniversaries, as they symbolize the renewal of nature. Double Daffodils even resemble roses and convey messages of new beginnings, hope, and optimism, making them thoughtful choice for events like graduations, job promotions, or moving to a new home. 

Daffodils Flower Meaning: Symbolism behind March Birth Flower

Meaning of other flowers

Vladka Merva on October 3rd, 2023

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