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Autumn symbolism: Ultimate guide to fall season meaning

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With the arrival of the autumn equinox, autumn represents change, transformation, and reflection, capturing the profound meanings of the season in its golden hues.

Some people might not enjoy autumn because it marks the end of summer’s warmth and vacation time. It also brings cooler weather along with responsibilities. However, there’s a second group of people, including me, who love autumn.

It is a season filled with simple joys. The crunch of leaves underfoot on a crisp walk. The crackling sound of fresh chestnuts in the fire or the rich flavor of roasted pumpkin soup warming the soul.

Autumn invites us all to slow down and spend more time indoors. It encourages us to reflect on the past months, and embrace the changes within and around us. As the colorful leaves begin to fall, they remind us of life’s cycles, of the need to shed old habits and thoughts and to transform ourselves in readiness for the seasons ahead. 

Autumn’s rich symbolism is an inspiring weave of tradition, history, and mythology deeply rooted in many cultures worldwide.

Fall Equinox and Harvest Moon

What does The Season Of Autumn symbolize?

Autumn is the perfect time for reflection.

Autumn illustrates a multifaceted mirror, reflecting back to us themes of life’s perpetual cycle of birth, growth, death, and renewal. It is a time that invites introspection and appreciation for the bountiful yet transient nature of existence.

Change and transition

As the leaves turn from green to a kaleidoscope of reds, oranges, and yellows and fall off the trees, autumn is a reminder of life’s constant change. This beautiful season is a transition from the energy of summer to the dormancy of winter. Fall reminds us that nothing lasts forever; we need to reflect on the impermanence of life and how vital it is to embrace the here and now. As Greek philosopher Heraclitus pointed out, “The only constant is change.”

Use autumn as a time to reconnect with your inner selves and engage in activities that nourish the soul. Autumn invites us to deepen our connections with families and loved ones at home. It’s a time for personal reflection, where solitary pursuits enrich our inner life. Embracing this change, we open our arms to the new season and its promise of growth and discovery.

What does The Season Of Autumn symbolize?

Abundance and preparation

Harvest time is a period of abundance and wealth, where we reap the fruits of our labor and prepare for the colder months. It’s a time for gathering—not just of crops, but of thoughts and reflections on the past year.

The animal kingdom instinctively understands this. All animals gathering food, fortifying their shelters, and ensuring they have all they need to prepare for the winter. Squirrels busily stash away nuts. Bears consume extra calories to build up their fat reserves, and birds migrate to more hospitable climates.

Fall Equinox and Harvest Moon

Balance and Grounding

The autumn equinox signifies a time of balance when day and night are of equal length, reminding us to seek equilibrium and harmony in our own lives. It’s a call to ground ourselves, just as the falling leaves return to the Earth to enrich it.

As the days grow shorter and the nights longer, we’re encouraged to draw upon autumn’s balanced energies.

As a result, ancient cultures have always associated autumn with balance. The sun enters Libra, symbolized by a pair of balanced scales. Autumn allows us to harmonize with the Earth and tap into what needs balancing within us.

Autumn symbolism in mythology and folklore

Letting Go

Autumn teaches us the beauty of letting go, mirroring the trees shedding their leaves. It’s a profound metaphor for releasing old habits or worries and making space for new growth and opportunities.

As leaves drift earthward, painting the ground in a mosaic of decay, and serpents shed their worn-out skins, we’re offered a poignant reflection on the impermanence of all things and the fleeting nature of life itself. It encourages us to surrender what no longer serves us, teaching us the art of letting go with grace.

Change and transition

slowing down

Autumn is a gentle reminder to enjoy the fruits of our labor, to appreciate the growth we’ve experienced in spring and summer, and to prepare for the restful cold of winter. These powerful associations are reminders that Mother Nature encourages us to take a step back. Reduce the speed of our hectic lives, and find joy and gratitude in the abundance we have worked so hard to cultivate.

The Symbolism of Fall Season

Falling Leaves

You couldn’t think about autumn without envisioning falling leaves and pine cones representing the cycle of life, change, and renewal. As leaves change color and fall, they remind us of the beauty of transitions and the natural rhythm of life. Maple leaves are one of the most colorful with rich symbolism.


Pumpkins and gourds carry the deep symbolic meaning of autumn. They are not just decorative elements but also emblems of the harvest’s bounty. They are associated with harvest time and holidays like Halloween and Thanksgiving. 

Letting Go


Crops like corn, wheat, and other grains are harvested in the fall, symbolizing abundance, prosperity, and the fruits of hard work.


Also known as the “horn of plenty,” the cornucopia is a traditional symbol of the bounty of the harvest season. It is a time when mother nature overflows with abundance and nourishment the fruits of its labor, often depicted overflowing with fruits, nuts, and grains.

Apples and Grapes

Apples and grapes ripen in the autumn and are associated with health, love, and knowledge. Apple picking and preserving is a common autumn activity in many cultures.

Abundance and preparation

Acorns and Oak Trees

Acorns, the seeds of oak trees, symbolize potential and strength. In many cultures, people see them as a lucky symbol representing the promise of new growth.

Fall Equinox and Harvest Moon

This celestial event, when day and night are of equal length, symbolizes balance and is a significant turning point in the solar cycle. It is the official end of summer and the beginning of fall. Amidst the fall equinox celebrations, the Irish deity Banbha reigns supreme.

The Harvest Moon is a symbol that refers to the full moon that occurs closest to the autumnal equinox. It meant the end of the Harvest Season. Traditionally, the bright light of the Harvest Moon allowed farmers to work late into the night, helping them to gather their crops before the fall rains. It marks the completion of the harvest season.

Squirrels and Other Animals Gathering Food

These animals are often depicted busy at work in the fall, symbolizing preparation and perseverance.


Originally used to ward off birds from the harvest, scarecrows have become a symbol of autumn and farming life.

Warm Colors

The colors of autumn leaves are reds, oranges, yellows, and browns. They evoke the warmth and coziness of the season despite the cooling temperatures.


These flowers bloom in the fall and symbolize joy and beauty in the midst of the dying year. And also, sunflowers mirroring the sun’s energy even as the days begin to shorten.

Cinnamon, Nutmeg, and Cloves

The spices often used in autumnal cooking and baking represent warmth, spice, and the change of the season through their strong, evocative scents.


The flight of birds heading to warmer climates signifies change, adaptability, and the interconnectedness of nature’s cycles.

Squirrels and Other Animals Gathering Food

Autumn symbolism in mythology and folklore

Greek Mythology

At the heart of this tale is Demeter, the goddess of grain and fertility, and her daughter Persephone. This story not only explains the seasons but also underlines the significance of the harvest. When Hades, the god of the Underworld, took Persephone away, Demeter’s sorrow was so great that the Earth suffered a great drought. Crops failed, and humans faced starvation. The dying Earth reflects Demeter’s own barren state without her daughter, highlighting autumn as a time of great change and loss.

In her deep despair, Demeter roamed the Earth, seeking Persephone. The myth then follows Demeter’s relentless search, during which the Earth experiences its first autumn and winter, a time when growth ceases and death takes hold. Her journey is a testament to a mother’s love and the extreme lengths she will go to for her child.

Upon finding Persephone and being reunited, the joy is short-lived. Because Persephone ate six pomegranate seeds in the Underworld and cannot return fully to the land of the living. She is bound by the fates to return there for six months each year, starting with the autumn equinox. This moment marks the beginning of autumn as Persephone descends back to Hades, and it signifies a time for the Earth to rest and prepare for rebirth.

The cyclical nature of Persephone’s departure and return represents the eternal cycle of life, death, and rebirth that is seen in the agricultural seasons. Autumn, therefore, is a poignant reminder of this cycle—a time for letting go, reflecting, and preparing for new growth.

Roman Mythology

In Roman mythology, the symbolism of autumn is tied to the goddess Ceres, the Roman counterpart to the Greek Demeter, and the rituals of harvest and agriculture. Ceres was revered as the deity responsible for the fertility of the land and the well-being of crops.

Celtic Mythology

The Celts celebrated Samhain, a festival marking the end of the harvest season and the beginning of winter or the “darker half” of the year. It was considered a liminal time when the boundary between this world and the Otherworld could more easily be crossed. This belief is the precursor to modern Halloween traditions. In the midst of these transitions, the Celtic goddess and Earth Mother, Banbha, was revered as a symbol of the land and its fertility, embodying the nourishment that the harvest season brings.

Symbol of autumn in Norse Mythology

In Norse mythology, the autumn season could be associated with the tales of Freyr. The fading of the light was also linked to Ragnarök, the end of the world in Norse myth, which involved a great battle during a long winter.

Native American Mythology

Different indigenous groups and cultures have their unique stories and ceremonies tied to the harvest and the autumn season. For example, the Green Corn Festival, celebrated by many Southeastern nations. It is a ceremony that coincides with the ripening of the maize crops and involves dancing, feasting, and religious observations. Similarly, the Aztecs honored Çhicomecoatl, the goddess of abundance and corn. She was central to harvest festivals and the Earth’s fertility as autumn arrived.

Asian mythology and folklore

In Chinese mythology, the Moon Festival or Mid-Autumn Festival is celebrated when the moon is at its fullest and brightest, symbolizing abundance and harvest. It’s associated with the legend of Chang’e, the moon goddess, and is a time for family reunions.

Similarly, in Japan, the goddess of the harvest known as Huichi is celebrated for her role in providing a bountiful harvest, a tradition that emphasizes gratitude for the Earth’s fertility as autumn unfolds.

Autumn symbolism: Ultimate guide to fall season meaning

Other hidden symbols in nature

Vladka Merva on November 2nd, 2023

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